I created a public Zotero Group for some of the materials I have consulted in the development of the pilot project. Zotero is a free, open-source tool to help you collect, organize, and share research sources. View the NELA Newspapers Pilot Project Group here: https://www.zotero.org/groups/nela_newspapers_pilot_project/items
Before placing our digitized content online, we have to exercise due diligence in our investigation of the copyright status of this material. Many of the titles in the collection were published by Northeast Newspapers, including the Highland Park News Herald & Journal, the Eagle Rock Sentinel, Lincoln Heights Bulletin News, South Pasadena Journal, and others.
In a previous post, I described our process of determining whether materials were in the public domain. However, we also needed to research who currently holds the copyright to these titles. It seemed well established that Wave Publications Group held the copyright, but I wanted to find out more about the how this change of ownership occurred. I constructed the following corporate history timeline. (The source articles are linked to here, or you can view them via our NELA Newspapers Zotero Group Library here.)
July 1991: Oran Asa sells Northeast Newspapers to Community Media Enterprises (CME), which also owns Southern California Community Newspapers. (LA Times)
January 1993: Southern California Community Newspapers ceases publication of its 20 South LA community newspapers, but it’s “Northeast Newspapers subsidiary, which publishes under eight mastheads and includes the South Pasadena Journal and the Eastside Journal” remained open. Banks put chain up for sale. Publisher is Ric Trent. (LA Times)
July 1994: Southern California Community Newspapers becomes Urban Newspapers. (LA Times)
July 1994: Wave Newspaper Group enters into a joint agreement that combines Urban Newspapers, Northeast Newspapers, and Central News-Wave Publications. Publisher is Ric Trent. (LA Times and Editor & Publisher)
July 1998: Wave Community Newspapers files for bankruptcy (Pluria Marshall, Jr. and the Wave Community Newspapers. Graduate School of Business Administration, University of Virginia, 2001.)
- Brian Hews = Chief Executive of Wave Community Newspapers (Pluria Marshall)
- Arthur Nestor Hews = CEO of Wave Newspaper Group (LA Times)
- Ric Trent = executive publisher of Wave Community Newspapers (Central News-Wave Publications + Urban Newspapers)
- Dr. C.Z. Wilson = publisher of Central News-Wave Publications (Pluria Marshall)
- Art Aguilar = publisher of Urban Newspapers (Pluria Marshall)
2000: Pluria Marshall, owner of Texas-based Equal Access Media Inc. considers acquiring Wave Community Newspapers Inc. (LA Times)
2000: Pluria Marshall acquires Wave Community Newspapers (Black Enterprise)
To continue our series of profiles on members of the NELA Newspapers collaborators, meet Anne Mar. She has been the Assistant College Archivist & Metadata Specialist at Occidental College since 2011. Some of her responsibilities include building digital resources, overseeing digitization workflow and managing the College Archives which also includes Northeast Los Angeles history. She has held previous positions at Georgetown University, UC Irvine and the Huntington Library. Anne is originally from South L.A. and is a proud Angeleno.
To continue our series of profiles on members of the NELA Newspapers collaborators, meet Kim Gibbons. She is a rising senior at Occidental and an English and Comparative Literary Studies major. Kim is a lyrical dancer and former Dance Production (a dance showcase at Occidental every spring semester) E-Board Member. This summer she is a student worker in Special Collections, she has been asked to work on the NELA Newspaper Pilot Project to assist in surveying microfilm, bound volumes, and loose volumes, as well as performing other tasks.
Kim is originally from Deerfield, Massachusetts and now currently resides in California. Her hobbies include reading and working on her short novel. In the Fall, Kim will be traveling to England to study female writers.
To continue our series of profiles on members of the NELA Newspapers collaborators, meet Dale Ann Stieber, MLIS, Special Collections Librarian/College Archivist; launched Occidental College’s digital collections as digital archivist for the Japanese American Relocation Online Archive, a project funded by the Haynes Foundation nine years ago.
Since then, as Special Collections Librarian, she has worked with faculty, students, and staff to create and maintain seventeen online collections and exhibits, the most recent addition being OxyCorps, a digital video series of student-alumni interviews to document 70 years of student life at the College; she is responsible for the care and use of over 60,000 rare books, manuscripts, artworks, ephemera, and archival material in the Occidental collections.
As College Archivist, she is active in promoting and preserving Occidental College history and Los Angeles history, particularly Northeast Los Angeles history. Dale currently serving on the Executive Committee of LA as Subject, a consortium of over 250 archival institutions and researchers dedicated to collectively preserving, archiving, and sharing the history and culture of the Los Angeles Region. Supervised by Dale, this Haynes grant project is part of the Special Collections Dept’s commitment to preserving the history and identity of Northeast Los Angeles community.
While at the storage unit earlier this week I stumbled across the “JOBS” section in the Highland Park Journal. What I found so interesting about this section in the newspaper is how the job postings were divided by gender. It is widely known that there was gender based discrimination in the job market especially in the 1950’s, however what stands out in this newspaper is the blatant discrimination. In addition to the jobs being divided by gender, the salary differences are obvious as well. In the men column, a Typists’ salary is $345 a month. Comparatively, in the womyn column, a Typists’ salary is $330 a month. Womyn were simply not provided with the same opportunities/privileges as men, and no one was trying to hide it.
After seeing this, it made me think of all the second wave feminists who fought for the opportunities and equality that we have today. I feel very privileged that I can apply to be a Factory Representative (a job listed in the men column), but even today I still will not make as much money as my male counterpart. It is truly amazing the major gains womyn have made over the past 60 + years, nevertheless we still have a long way to go.